Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 91

Couverture
A.L. Hummel, 1920
 

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Page 50 - THE annual labour of every nation is the fund which originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveniences of life which it annually consumes, and which consist always either in the immediate produce of that labour, or in what is purchased with that produce from other nations. According therefore, as this produce, or what is purchased with it, bears a greater or smaller proportion to the number of those who are to consume it, the nation will be better or worse supplied with all the necessaries...
Page 70 - Eyes, ears took in their dole, Brain treasured up the whole; Should not the heart beat once, "How good to live and learn"?
Page vii - To promote further the production of an adequate supply of the world's needs for use and higher standards of life, we urge that there be established co-operation between the scientists of industry and the representatives of organized workers.
Page 124 - Resolved, by the American Federation of Labor in convention assembled, that a broad program of scientific and technical research is of major importance to the national welfare...
Page 124 - ... by the Federal Government, and that the activities of the Government itself in such research should be adequately and generously supported in order that the work may be greatly strengthened and extended; and the Secretary of the Federation is instructed to transmit copies of this resolution to the President of the United States, to the President pro tempore of the Senate, and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Page 9 - The Executive Council believes that in all large permanent shops a regular arrangement should be provided whereby — "First — A committee of the workers would regularly meet with the shop management to confer over matters of production; and whereby — "Second — Such...
Page 116 - Experience has shown in all instances that while the distribution of cost is primarily the method, prevention is primarily the purpose of insurance, and certainly its result. So, in the same way that workmen's compensation has stimulated the great "safety first...
Page 11 - In 1888 the average length of life of members of the Cigarmakers' International Union was thirty-one years ; in 1890 the average had been increased to thirty-seven years; in 1900 to fortythree years ; in 1910 to forty-nine years and in 1911 to fifty years. The organization which decreased daily hours of work and increased wages had thus increased the average lives of cigarmakers by eighteen years in a period of twentythree years. These principles are further confirmed by the life statistics of the...
Page 124 - Whereas the increased productivity of industry resulting from scientific research is a most potent factor in the ever-increasing struggle of the workers to raise their standards of living, and the importance of this factor must steadily increase, since there is a limit beyond which the average standard of living of the whole population cannot progress by the usual methods of re-adjustment, which limit can only be raised by research and the utilisation of the results of research in industry...
Page x - The trade union movement welcomes every thought and plan, every device and readjustment that will make expended effort more valuable to humanity.

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